What are the Major Causes of Infertility in Men?

Having a baby is a natural process, albeit conceiving can be a little hard for some couples. In fact, many couples face problem conceiving a baby due to infertility issues. Sadly, infertility seems to be becoming a widespread problem today – that can affect both men and women. Through this article, however, we will be discussing the causes behind male infertility. Also some centers like test tube baby center west Delhi NCR and India.

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Major Causes of Male Infertility

There are generally 4 factors that contribute to infertility in men:

1). Sperm abnormalities

Around 10 – 20 percent of men experience fertility problems because of sperm abnormalities, which may be caused due to one or more reasons as listed below:

  • Orchitis (Inflammation of the testicles): This condition is caused due to a viral or bacterial infection and causes poor sperm motility (i.e. movement).
  • Scrotal Swelling: An injury or some medical condition result in swollen veins in the scrotum, which eventually result in low sperm count.
  • Testicular Disorder: Disorder of the testicles (also called as testes) can affect’s a man’s fertility.

Its better to consult a specialist doctor for male sexual problem clinic west Delhi and Indian regions.

2). Structural Abnormalities

Any kind of structural abnormalities that cause damage to the male reproductive system (i.e. the testes, tubes, or other reproductive structures) has often resulted in infertility. Two of the most common structural problems that can affect male fertility are:

  • Varicocele: Varicose vein found in the scrotum is called as varicocele that causes male fertility issues by elevating the temperature in the testes. Or else, it results in sperm abnormalities by interfering with supply of the blood to the testicle.
  • Retrograde Ejaculation: This problem occurs when the neck of the male bladder fails to close during an orgasm, thereby moving the semen backwards into the bladder rather than getting ejected via the penis.
  • Testicular Problems: Obstruction in the testicles is another structural problem that causes infertility in men. Testicular problems occur due to congenital defects (i.e. problems present from the time of birth), surgeries, infections, genetic diseases, etc.

  • 3). Hormonal Deficiencies

It’s rare when a male suffers from infertility due to hormone deficiency. However, any genetic condition that lowers the level of Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) may result in decreased sperm production, which eventually causes infertility in men.

4). Unknown causes (40-50%)

Lastly, in 40 – 50 percent of men the cause behind infertility remains unknown.

Wrapping Up

In case, you and your partner are not able to have a baby despite repeated attempts after a year, then you should consider consulting an infertility specialist in west Delhi and NCR India. But make sure to choose the right infertility clinic, ideally the one operated by certified and highly experienced infertility specialist to get the best outcome.

Infertility & Reproduction – The Know-How

Infertility is curse towards society which is increasing day by day. To get rid of these kind of problems FirstStepIVF comes with few research and world class treatment for IVF in Delhi, West Delhi and VikasPuri. FirstStepIVF is best IVF center west Delhi with top most treatment for male sexual problem treatment in vikaspuri Delhi and NCR region.

Women and fertility are synonymous to each other. Motherhood is something that actually completes a woman. But, there are a few unfortunate ones who face a lot of trouble while conceiving or often don’t conceive at all. We call such cases as infertility.

Infertility – Causes

There are numerous reasons behind infertility. Some are inherent causes and some are the outcome of some other events. Any kind of damage in Fallopian tube one of the primary reasons of infertility. Fallopian tubes are the passage that helps eggs travel from the ovaries to reach to the uterus where a fetus grows. Fallopian tube can get damaged due to numerous reasons and scar or any kind of infection is one of such reasons. Also, endometriosis is another reason behind infertility.

Apart from this, there are often hormonal issues that lead to infertility. Often thickening lining of uterus and ovulation issue arises out of hormonal problems. Then there is a cervical problem that often prevents sperms to reach to the eggs.

Then there are fibroid problems. Uterus covered with fibroid is one of the main issues for infertility. Fibroid s does interfere in fertility. Uterine polyps or fibroid happen when there are too many cells growing in the endometrial of uterus.

However, there are numerous other unique reasons behind infertility. Such reasons vary from person to person and are unique in nature. However, it is always better to know it in details from your gynecologist.

Tests that Determine Infertility

There are numerous processes to determine the fertility condition. These tests include the hormonal check, blood test or an endometrial biopsy.

The tests are:

Hysterosalpinogography (HSG): This is a kind of X-ray of the reproductive organs of a woman. Dye or saline and air are being injected inside the cervix region to make it pass through the Fallopian tube. This helps in checking the blockage of the tube and the fertility condition.

Laparoscopy: In this case, a slender tube or laparoscopy, fitted with a camera is put on the belly region to get the clear picture of the womb. It gives a clear picture of the uterus, ovaries, Fallopian tube and the abdominal area.

 Treatment for Infertility

 If there is any issue with the pelvic region or the tubal defect, one of the best ways to treat is by reconstructing the organs. This can be done through laparoscopy. This can help get rid of scar tissue, blocked Fallopian tube, ovarian cyst and so on.

Further, hysteroscopy is another way to treat infertility. Here the doctor puts in a hetero-scope in the uterus through the cervical region and this helps remove cyst or fibroid tumor.

 Some issues rose due to prostate problems in men. This has a treatment by best doctors like Dr. Manu Gupta. He is a experienced andrologist in vikaspuri with high quality treatment procedures.

COMMON AND UNCOMMON CAUSES OF INFERTILITY

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One out of every six couples suffer from infertility problem. Conceiving turns out to be a huge problem for them and they end up taking medicinal help. There are numerous causes behind infertility and some of which are common and some are uncommon. We take this opportunity to discuss briefly about the causes behind infertility.

One idea or belief regarding infertility is that, it is due to a woman’s lack of reproduction capacity, conceiving is not taking place. There is surely a problem with the woman’s reproductive system. However, the real fact is that infertility can due to equally due to a man’s problem. Across the globe, there are innumerable couple who have problems with both the partners.

According to Dr. Jason Bromer, there is always multiple reasons behind infertility. Often through infertility tests, it has been found that there are multiple reasons behind not conceiving and both the partners have the contribution for it. Often testing of one partner can lead to incomplete result and further lead to more and more frustration.

Male Factor

Low sperm production or quality issue with sperms often cause infertility. Often sperms are abnormal in shape and does not have the ability to move properly. Often there are structural problem with the anatomy of a man as well that creates hindrance in the pathway of sperms. Apart from these, man has a tendency of creating the antibodies of their own sperms. These antibodies often weaken the sperms and further leading to infertility.

However, with time a lot of processes have developed to overcome all these problems. People with minor issues often opt for sperm washing though which good quality sperms are isolated and used with Intrauterine Insemination or IUI.

There are men who face problem with ejaculation. For them, there are numerous processes to recover the healthy sperms. One of such processes is known as Percutaneous Epidydimal Sperm Aspiration (PESA). There might sound scary and painful but they are not in real sense.

Female Factor

Female factor contributes a little more than the male factor. They have much more complexed issues and serious problems. However, with time and advancement in medical science, there has been a lot of developments. Thus, the success rate overcoming infertility has grown manifold. Nowadays, a woman with fibroids and endometriosis have the treatment and can overcome it with time. All you need is consulting a proper doctor and get the best possible treatment. Consult with Best infertility specialist as soon as possible.

What Causes Infertility in Men and Women?

Infertility rate is rising among Indian couples. In fact, one out of every ten couples suffers from childlessness. The good news is that infertility is not a disease and can be treated either by IVF or surgery. There could be a single reason or several factors that cause infertility among men and women. In case, you are experiencing such an issue, then you must talk to an experienced fertility doctor, especially when you are not able to conceive even after trying for a year or more.

Once you visit a doctor, you and your partner will be asked to undergo fertility tests to figure out the cause of infertility. But before you head out searching for the right doctor, let’s look at the major reasons that make a man and woman less fertile:

 

The Age Factor

This is the common cause that increases the risk of infertility. A woman around 35 years of age is less likely to conceive or is at a greater risk of miscarriage, compared to 25 year old woman. On the other hand, a man’s fertility rate drops significantly after the age of 40.

 

Stress

Stress in any form, be it mental or physical, can obstruct conception. Most importantly, mental stress is said to be the main culprit that affects ovulation in a female and sperm production in a male. However, exercise and meditation can help in reducing stress. But make sure that you are not overdoing exercises, as it can cause hormonal imbalance leading to infertility.

Smoking and Alcohol Consumption

Smoking and/or alcohol consumption increases the risk of female and male infertility to a great extent. Especially women who smoke or consume alcohol experience are more at risk of infertility than a man. And, a pregnant woman who smokes or is under alcohol abuse has a greater risk of miscarriage.

Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions such diabetes, thyroid and other diseases play a huge role in causing infertility. Also, genetic problems, though less likely, can hinder conception and pregnancy.

Conclusion

So, here in this article we talked about four of the most common reasons that can cause infertility problems in men and women. In case you have been suffering from such a problem, make sure that none of the above discussed factors are responsible behind it. If not, then you must fix an appointment with best infertility specialist in west Delhi.

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The miracle called "IVF"– Pregnancy in a lady who never had periods

Robert Edwards was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work on the development of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). His achievements have made it possible to treat infertility, and it is indeed a miracle for many who are unable to conceive naturally. Once we witnessed such a near-miracle where the young girl and her family still finds it difficult to believe that she became pregnant.

A 22 year old girl named Srishti (name changed), residing in Kurukshetra, never had her periods until she was 18 years old. Her worried mother took her to their family doctor who prescribed her contraceptive pills. She finally started having periods regularly, but only by taking these hormonal tablets.

She was married to a local businessman and neither she nor her family discussed with a gynecologist, whether she would be able to carry a baby. After 2 years of marriage, when she was unable to conceive, she was taken by her mother-in-law to many gynecologists. All of them told her that she had a small uterus and might never be able to conceive. Also, they stated that she would need a surrogate who could carry her child. She was sent back to her mother’s place in Delhi and threatened by her in-laws to  “… Get your daughter treated, or keep her with you only.”

Her mother came to us, almost begging, that if we could please help to save her daughter. She was not having periods without medicine. On further investigation we found that she indeed had a small uterus, about half the size that was of the normal. Also, we found out that she had a very rare problem. Her brain was not producing enough hormones which are responsible for making the eggs necessary for conception. Since her ovaries did not make eggs, and she did not produce sufficient female hormones, it further resulted in her having a small uterus. She did not have periods, and she was unable to conceive.

Although, there are reports of pregnancy in a small uterus, the success rate is drastically less. We counseled the mother about these facts. With surrogacy costing a whopping Rs 8-10 lakhs in the city, it was out of question for them. We wanted to give her at least one attempt to succeed whilst under our care. We started her on injections that stimulate her ovaries to make eggs. Our aim was to make at least one or 2 eggs. After giving her 3 injections, we performed an ultrasound on her and instead of the intended 2 or 3 eggs, multiple eggs had started growing.

Another, very difficult situation for us had to be dealt with. We counseled her and her mother regarding doing IVF. After listening about IVF or what is known in common parlance as a “test tube baby,” the mother and daughter got scared. With the husband’s family not supporting her, it was very difficult for her to arrange for the money. But with so many eggs developing, IVF was the only solution otherwise the newly produced eggs would go waste.

She finally agreed. We performed the in vitro fertilization and took out her eggs and fertilized them with the husband’s sperm. After 5 days, we got 2 beautiful embryos, which we transferred. Keeping our fingers crossed, we waited for 12 days and got her pregnancy test done which was was positive. The ultrasound was done 2 weeks later and it showed a single live pregnancy. Her pregnancy was uneventful and delivered a healthy baby boy.

There are many causes of not having periods in a young woman. One of the causes is hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, meaning that the brain does not secrete sufficient hormones for the development of eggs. This cause is treatable and the female can become pregnant, as happened in this case. But the most important issue is to approach the right infertility specialist who can diagnose and rightly treat them.

About Author:

Dr. Priti Gupta is a specialized infertility specialist in Delhi and NCR. She has learned about IVF in USA . She is now running her IVF center in west Delhi which is quite famous and prominent. You can get in touch with us any time.